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A website for K-12 educators featuring innovative resource on the culture, geography, history and religions of the Middle East, including essays, classroom activities, downloadable multimedia content and interactive Google Earth tours.


This web site aims to bring to you a wide variety of resources on Arab Culture and Civilization, but much more is available. This bibliography includes a number of additional materials that you may wish to consult. Texts that have recently been annotated or added to this list are shown with a tan background. In addition, there are many other online resources that you can explore from our links list.

Arabic Literature in English Translation

Diwan al-Mufaddaliyat: wa-hiya nukhbah min qasaid al-shuara al-muqallin fi al-Jahiliyah wa-awail al-Islam / ihktaraha Abu al-Abbas al-Mufaddal ibn Muhammad al-Dabbi. Maa sharh wafir / li-Abi Muhammad al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Bashshar al-Anbari. [ Mufaddaliyat: an anthology of ancient Arabian odes ] al-Tabah 1. al-Zahir [Cairo]: Maktabat al- Thaqafah al-Diniyah, 2000

Early Arabic poetry / edition, translation and commentary by Alan Jones. (Oxford Oriental Institute monographs; no. 14) Reading: Published by Ithaca for the Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, Oxford University, 1992

Modern Arabic literature / compiled and edited by Roger Allen. New York: Ungar Pub. Co., 1987

Modern Arabic poetry: an anthology with English verse translation / by Arthur J. Arberry. (Cambridge oriental series; no. 1) 1st ed Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967

The seven golden odes of pagan Arabia, known also as the Moallakat. Translated from the original Arabic by Lady Anne Blunt. Done into English verse by Wilfrid Scawen Blunt. London, Pub. by the translators, printed & sold by Chiswick Press, 1903

Modern Arabic poetry: an anthology / edited by Salma Khadra Jayyusi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987

Notes: A collection of poetry from all parts of the Arabic-speaking world. Selections are from the 20th century, organized into pre- and post-fifties poetry. The range of works demonstrates the changing nature of Arabic poetry in the last century. All works are translated twice.

Modern Arabic Drama: An Anthology / edited by Salma K. Jayyusi and Roger Allen; Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Under the Naked Sky: Short Stories from the Arab World / translated and edited by Denys Johnson-Davies; Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2001.

Notes: A collection of Arab short stories, a relatively recent genre addition to the Arab literary world. Weighted somewhat towards Egyptian writers such as Yusuf Idris and Naguib Mahfouz, but includes representatives from other Arab countries.

The Poetry of Arab Women / edited by Nathalie Handal; Interlink Publishers, 2000.

Notes: An anthology of multiple works by 83 Arab women poets, concentrating largely on the last two centuries. Includes an extensive introduction contextualizing works historically and geographically.

Opening the Gates. A Century of Arab Feminist Writing. Margot Badran, Miriam Cooke, eds. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Notes: Stories, essays and poems by women from various countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Chraibi, Driss. Muhammad. Nadia Benabid, trans. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998.

Notes: A novel, originaly in French, by one of Morocco's first novelists. It is based on the life of the Prophet Muhammad at the moment when he received the revelations of the Qur'an.

Idris, Yusuf. The Cheapest Nights. Wadida Wassef, trans. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 1989.

Notes: Short stories, many of them set in the poverty-stricken rural environment of the Egyptian Delta. Also several stories utilizing Idris' background as a medical doctor.

Irwin, Robert, 1946-. Night and horses and the desert: an anthology of classical Arabian literature / Robert Irwin. London, England; New York, N.Y., USA: Allen Lane The Penguin Press, 1999

Notes: Includes both major and obscure works of Arabic literature from the sixth through the fifteenth centuries. Selections are organized into periods and accompanied by extensive commentary on their place in the Arabic literary tradition.

Lichtenstadter, Ilse, 1907. Introduction to classical Arabic literature: with selections from representative works in English translation / Ilse Lichtenstadter New York: Schocken Books, 1976, c1974

Lyall, Charles James, Sir, 1845-1920. Translations of ancient Arabian poetry, chiefly pre-Islamic. London, Williams & Norgate ltd., 1930

Mahfouz, Naguib. Midaq Alley. Trevor Le Gassick, trans. New York: Anchor Press, 1992.

Notes: Novel by a Nobel laureate in literature about the Old City of Cairo in which all the inhabitants of one of its obscure and poverty-stricken alleys interact during the end of World War II when society is in the midst of major changes.. Love, devotion, friendship, betrayal, family violence, piety, murder--and the Alley's one of the characters.

Mufaddal ibn Muhammad al-Dabbi, 8th cent. The Mufaddaliyat; an anthology of ancient Arabian odes, v.2. Translation and notes. Oxford, The Clarendon press, 1918-21

Shaarawi, Huda. Harem Years: The Memoirs of an Egyptian Feminist, 1879-1924 Margot Badran, trans. New York: The Feminist Press, 1987.

Notes: A memoir of life in the harem by Egypt's first feminist and founder of several femminist organizations. The book details her life as a young girl, her marriage at 12 to her 40-year-old cousin, her public tearing off her veil, etc.

Islamic Philosophy

History of Islamic philosophy / edited by Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman. (Routledge history of world philosophies; v. 1) London; New York: Routledge, 1996

Neoplatonism and Islamic thought / edited by Parviz Morewedge. (Studies in neoplatonism; v. 5) Albany: State University of New York Press, c1992

The World of Ibn Tufayl: interdisciplinary perspectives on Hayy ibn Yaqzan / edited by Lawrence I. Conrad. (Islamic philosophy, theology, and science; v. 24) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1996

The Introduction of Arabic philosophy into Europe / edited by Charles E. Butterworth and Blake Andrée Kessel. (Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, 0169-8125; Bd. 39) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1994

Notes: A collection of papers presented of a seminar of the European Arab Itinerant University. Each contributor has researched how an individual Arabic philosopher was introduced into the curricula of a specific European University.

A history of Islamic philosophy / Majid Fakhry. (Studies in Oriental culture. no. 5) 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press: Longman, 1983

A history of Islamic philosophy. (Studies in Oriental culture. no. 5) New York: Columbia University Press, 1970

Philosophy, dogma, and the impact of Greek thought in Islam / Majid Fakhry. Altershot, Hampshire, Great Britain; Brookfield, Vt., USA: Variorum, 1994

Notes: A collection of the author’s published work over a period of 40 years. Focuses on the impact of classical Greek philosophy on Muslim philosophers such as Ibn Rushd, and Al-Farabi, as well as the new modes of thought formed by the interaction of the Greek and Muslim philosophical traditions.

"Classical Arabic Wisdom Literature: Nature and Scope." Journal of the American Oriental Society, 101:1 (1981:Jan./Mar.): 49-86

Greek thought, Arabic culture: the Graeco-Arabic translation movement in Baghdad and early Abbasid society (2nd-4th/8th-10th centuries) / Dimitri Gutas. London; New York: Routledge, 1998

Greek wisdom literature in Arabic translation: a study of the Graeco-Arabic gnomologia / by Dimitri Gutas. (American oriental series; v. 60) New Haven, Conn.: American Oriental Society, 1975

An introduction to medieval Islamic philosophy / Oliver Leaman. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985

The political orientation of Islamic philosophy / Muhsin S. Mahdi. (Occasional papers series (Georgetown University. Center for Contemporary Arab Studies)) Washington, D.C.: Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, c1982

Islamic studies: essays on law and society, the sciences, and philosophy and Sufism / Seyyed Hossein Nasr. Beirut: Librairie du Liban, 1967

Muslim neoplatonists: an introduction to the thought of the Brethren of Purity (Ikhwan al-Safa') / Ian Richard Netton. London; Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1982

Studies in the history of Arabic logic. [Pittsburgh] University of Pittsburgh Press, 1963 [i.e. 1964]

The wisdom of the mystic East: Suhrawardi and platonic orientalism / John Walbridge. (Albany: State University of New York Press, c2001.) Albany: State University of New York Press, c2001

Early philosophical Shiism: the Ismaili Neoplatonism of Abu Yaqub al-Sijistani / Paul E. Walker. (Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization) Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1993

Islamic philosophy and theology. Edinburgh, University Press [1962]

Alon, Ilai. Socrates in mediaeval Arabic literature / by Ilai Alon. (Islamic philosophy, theology, and science; v. 10) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, c1991

Arkoun, Mohammed. The unthought in contemporary Islamic thought / Mohammed Arkoun. London: Saqi in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies, c2002

Arnaldez, Roger. Averroes: a rationalist in Islam / Roger Arnaldez; translated by David Streight. English language ed. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, c2000

Notes: An examination of Ibn Rushd, a Muslim jurist, physician, and philosopher in 12th century Spain. With a concentration on his commentary on Aristotle, and the relation between Ibn Rushd the Muslim and Ibn Rushd the rationalist. With a chronology, glossary, and annotated index.

Averroës, 1126-1198. Averroës' three short commentaries on Aristotle's "Topics," "Rhetoric," and "Poetics" / edited and translated by Charles E. Butterworth. (Studies in Islamic philosophy and science) 1st ed. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1977

Chittick, William C. The heart of Islamic philosophy: the quest for self-knowledge in the teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani / William C. Chittick. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001

Corbin, Henry. History of Islamic philosophy / Henry Corbin; translated by Liadain Sherrard with the assistance of Philip Sherrard. (Philosophy, Islamic--History) London: New York: Kegan Paul International, 1993

Daiber, Hans, 1942-. Bibliography of Islamic philosophy / by Hans Daiber. (Handbuch der Orientalistik. Erste Abteilung, Nahe und der Mittlere Osten; 43. Bd.) Leiden; Boston: Brill, 1999

Davidson, Herbert A. (Herbert Alan), 1932-. Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on intellect: their cosmologies, theories of the active intellect, and theories of human intellect / Herbert A. Davidson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992

Fakhry, Majid. Ethical theories in Islam / by Majid Fakhry. (Islamic philosophy, theology, and science; v. 8) 2nd expanded ed. Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1994

Farabi. Al-Farabi on the perfect state: Abu Nasr al-Farabi's Mabadi ara ahl al-madina al-fadila: a revised text with introduction, translation, and commentary / by Richard Walzer. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1985

Frank, Richard M. Beings and their attributes: the teaching of the Basrian school of the Mu`tazila in the classical period / Richard MacDonough Frank. (Studies in Islamic philosophy and science) Albany: State University of New York Press, 1978

Ghazzali, 1058-1111. The incoherence of the philosophers = Tahafut al-falasifah: a parallel English-Arabic text / translated, introduced, and annotated by Michael E. Marmura. (Islamic translation series) 1st ed. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1997

Gianotti, Timothy J. Al-Ghazali's unspeakable doctrine of the soul: unveiling the esoteric psychology and eschatology of the Ihya / by Timothy J. Gianotti. (Brill's studies in intellectual history, 0920-8607; v. 104) Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2001

Notes: Attempts to search within Al-Ghazali’s work to find his thoughts on the true nature of the soul and life after death. As these intellectual pursuits are effectively prohibited by orthodox Islam, this doctrine may only be alluded to in the more esoteric tracts of Al-Ghazali’s work.

Goodman, Lenn E.. Jewish and Islamic Philosophy:Crosspollinations in the Classical Age. New Brunswick, Nj.: Rutgers University Press, 1999.

Notes: This book, by a professor of Philosophy at Vanderbilt University, examines the relationships between Islamic and Jewish philosophy, less in a search for influences and origins than to explore what he describes as a genuine dialogue. Figures discussed include Muhammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Saadiah Gaon, Bahya ibn Paquda, Avicenna, Maimonides, Ibn Khaldun, and Spinoza.

Gutas, Dimitri. Avicenna and the Aristotelian tradition: introduction to reading Avicenna's philosophical works / by Dimitri Gutas. (Islamic philosophy and theology, 0169-8729; v. 4) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1988

Gyekye, Kwame. Islamic logic: Ibn al-Tayyib's commentary on Porphyry's Eisagoge / by Kwame Gyekye. (Studies in Islamic philosophy and science) Albany: State University of New York Press, 1979

Heath, Peter, 1949-. Allegory and philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sînâ): with a translation of the book of the Prophet Muhammad's ascent to heaven / Peter Heath. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, c1992

Kohlberg, Etan. A medieval Muslim scholar at work: Ibn Tawus and his library / by Etan Kohlberg. (Islamic philosophy, theology, and science, 0169-8729; v. 12) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1992

Kraemer, Joel L. Philosophy in the renaissance of Islam: Abu Sulayman Al-Sijistani and his circle / by Joel L. Kraemer. (Studies in Islamic culture and history series. v. 8) Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1986

Leaman, Oliver. A brief introduction to Islamic philosophy / Oliver Leaman. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1999

Notes: Designed for the undergraduate or general reader interested in philosophy. Identifies and explores the three main movements in Islamic philosophy and their treatment of problems in topics such as knowledge, mysticism, ethics and politics.

Leaman, Oliver, 1950-. An introduction to classical Islamic philosophy / Oliver Leaman. 2nd ed. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002

Mahdi, Muhsin. Alfarabi and the foundation of Islamic political philosophy / Muhsin S. Mahdi; with a foreword by Charles E. Butterworth. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001

Notes: A book for those interested in medieval political philosophy and Islamic philosophy. Concentrates largely on Alfarabi’s trilogy entitled Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. An annotated bibliography of Islamic science / Seyyed Hossein Nasr; with the collaboration of William C. Chittick. (Intisharat-i Anjuman-i Shahanshahi-i Falsafah-'i Iran; shumarah-i 1) Tehran: Imperial Iranian Academy of Philosophy, 1975-

Netton, Ian Richard. Allah transcendent: studies in the structure and semiotics of Islamic philosophy, theology, and cosmology / Ian Richard Netton. (Exeter Arabic and Islamic series) London; New York: Routledge, 1989

Pines, Shlomo, 1908-. Studies in Arabic versions of Greek texts and in mediaeval science / by Shlomo Pines. (Pines, Shlomo, 1908- Works. 1979 v. 2.) Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University; Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1986

Rahman, Fazlur, 1919-. The philosophy of Mulla Sadra (Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi) / Fazlur Rahman. (Studies in Islamic philosophy and science) 1st ed. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1975

Rescher, Nicholas. Studies in Arabic philosophy. [Pittsburgh]: University of Pittsburgh Press, [1967 or 8]

Sharif, M. M. ed. A history of Muslim philosophy. with short accounts of other disciplines and the modern renaissance in Muslim lands. Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz, 1963-66

Stroumsa, Sarah. Freethinkers of medieval Islam: Ibn al-Rawandi, Abu Bakr al-Razi and their impact on Islamic thought / by Sarah Stroumsa. (Islamic philosophy, theology, and science, 0169-8729; v. 35) Leiden; Boston: Brill, 1999

Notes: A study of Muslim philosophers who rejected the validity of organized religions, including Islam. Focuses speciifically on two philosophers, Ibn al-Rawandi and Abu Bakr al-Razi.

Walbridge, John. The leaven of the ancients: Suhrawardi and the heritage of the Greeks / John Walbridge. (SUNY series in Islam) Albany: State University of New York Press, c2000

Walker, Paul Ernest, 1941-. Abu Yaqub al-Sijistani: intellectual missionary / Paul E. Walker. (Ismaili heritage series) London; New York: I.B. Tauris in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies; New York, NY: Distributed in the U.S.A. by St Martin's Press, 1996

Walzer, Richard, 1900-. Greek into Arabic; essays on Islamic philosophy. Oxford, B. Cassirer [1962]

Watt, W. Montgomery (William Montgomery). Islamic philosophy and theology: an extended survey / W. Montgomery Watt. 2nd. ed. Edinburgh: University Press, 1985

Wheeler, Brannon M., 1965-. Applying the canon in Islam: the authorization and maintenance of interpretive reasoning in Hanafi scholarship / Brannon M. Wheeler. (SUNY series, toward a comparative philosophy of religions) Albany: State University of New York Press, c1996

Literary History and Criticism

Abbasid belles-lettres / edited by Julia Ashtiany ... [et al.] (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990

Al-Andalus / edited by Maria Rosa Menocal, Raymond P. Scheindlin, and Michael Sells. (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000

Arabic literature to the end of the Umayyad period / edited by A.F.L. Beeston ... [et al.]. (Cambridge history of Arabic literature.) Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983

The author and his doubles: essays on classical Arabic culture / Abdelfattah Kilito; translated by Michael Cooperson; with a foreword by Roger Allen. (Middle East literature in translation) 1st ed. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2001

Encyclopedia of Arabic literature / edited by Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey. London; New York: Routledge, 1998

Interpreting the self: autobiography in the Arabic literary tradition / edited by Dwight F. Reynolds; coauthored by Kristen E. Brustad .. [et al.]. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, c2001

Modern Arabic literature / edited by M.M. Badawi. (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) Cambridge [England]; New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 1992

Religion, learning, and science in the Abbasid period / edited by M.J.L. Young, J.D. Latham, and R.B. Serjeant. (Cambridge history of Arabic literature) Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990

Writing the self: autobiographical writing in modern Arabic literature / Robin Ostle, Ed de Moor & Stefan Wild (eds.). London: Saqi Books, 1998

Homoeroticism in classical Arabic literature / edited by J.W. Wright and Everett K. Rowson. New York: Columbia Univesity Press, 1997

Notes: A study of homoeroticism as a major theme in works of classical Arabic literature. The texts discussed represent a variety of genres, from the 8th through the 14th centuries.

Love and sexuality in modern Arabic literature / edited by Roger Allen, Hilary Kilpatrick and Ed de Moor. London: Saqi Books, 1995

Notes: The authors in this volume seek to expore themes and trends with regard to love and sexuality in Arabic fiction, drama, and poetry in the last century.

Modern Arabic literature and the West / by M.M. Badawi. (Oxford Oriental monographs. 6.) London: Ithaca Press, 1985

Woman's body, woman's word: gender and discourse in Arabo-Islamic writing / Fedwa Malti-Douglas. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1991

Studies in modern Arabic prose and poetry / by Shmuel Moreh. Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1988

Muhammad and the golden bough: reconstructing Arabian myth / Jaroslav Stetkevych. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c1996

The zephyrs of Najd: the poetics of nostalgia in the classical Arabic nasib / Jaroslav Stetkevych. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993

The mute immortals speak: pre-Islamic poetry and the poetics of ritual / by Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych. (Myth and poetics) Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993

Abu-Lughod, Lila. Veiled sentiments: honor and poetry in a Bedouin society / Lila Abu-Lughod. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1986

Adunis, 1930-. An introduction to Arab poetics / Adonis; translated from the Arabic by Catherine Cobham. London: Saqi, 1990

Ajami, Mansour. The neckveins of winter: the controversy over natural and artificial poetry in medieval Arabic literary criticism / by Mansour Ajami. (Studies in Arabic literature; v. 9) Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1984

Allen, Roger M. A. An introduction to Arabic literature / Roger Allen. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000

Altoma, Salih J. Modern Arabic poetry in English translation: a bibliography / Salih J. Altoma. Tangier: Publications Of The King Fahd School Of Translation, 1993

Badawi, M. M. A short history of modern Arabic literature / M.M. Badawi. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993

Badawi, M.M.. Modern Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Notes: The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature

Badawi, Muhammad Mustafá. A critical introduction to modern Arabic poetry / M. M. Badawi. Cambridge [Eng.]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975

Brugman, J. An introduction to the history of modern Arabic literature in Egypt / by J. Brugman. (Studies in Arabic literature. v. 10) Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1984

Cantarino, Vicente, 1925-. Arabic poetics in the golden age: selection of texts accompanied by a preliminary study / by Vincente Cantarino. (Studies in Arabic literature. v. 4) Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1975

Caton, Steven Charles, 1950-. "Peaks of Yemen I summon": poetry as cultural practice in a North Yemeni tribe / Steven C. Caton. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990

Cohen-Mor, Dalya, 1948-. A matter of fate: the concept of fate in the Arab world as reflected in modern Arabic literature / Dalya Cohen-Mor. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2001

Gelder, Geert Jan van. The bad and the ugly: attitudes towards invective poetry (hija) in classical Arabic literature / by Geert Jan van Gelder. (Publication of the "De Goeje Fund," 0169-8303; no. 26) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1988, c1989

Gibb, H. A. R. (Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen), Sir, 1895-1971. Arabic literature, an introduction / H. A. R. Gibb 2d (rev.) ed. Oxford, Clarendon press, 1963

Giffen, Lois Anita. Theory of profane love among the Arabs: the development of the genre. (New York University studies in Near Eastern civilization; no. 3.) New York, New York University Press; London: University of London Pres, 1971

Goldziher, Ignác. A short history of classical Arabic literature / Ignác Goldziher. Translated, rev. and enl. / by Joseph Desomogyi. Hildesheim, G. Olms, 1966

Hamori, Andras, 1940-. On the art of medieval Arabic literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, [1974]

Heinrichs, Wolfhart. The hand of the northwind: opinions on metaphor and the early meaning of isti ara in Arabic poetics / by Wolfhart Heinrichs (Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes; Bd. 44, 2) 1. Aufl. [Mainz]: Deutsche Morgenl?ndische Ges.; Wiesbaden: Steiner [in Komm.], 1977

Huart, Clément, 1854-1926. A history of Arabic literature. Beirut, Khayats, 1966

Ibn al-Nadim, Muhammad ibn Ishaq, fl. 987. The Fihrist of al-Nadim; a tenth-century survey of Muslim culture. Bayard Dodge, editor and translator. (Records of civilization, sources and studies. no. 83) New York, Columbia University Press, 1970

Jayyusi, Salma Khadra. Trends and movements in modern Arabic poetry / by Salma Khadra Jayyusi. (Studies in Arabic literature. v. 6) Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1977

Kennedy, Philip F. The wine song in classical Arabic poetry: Abu Nuwas and the literary tradition / Philip F. Kennedy. (Oxford Oriental monographs) Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1997

Kilpatrick, Hilary. The modern Egyptian novel: a study in social criticism / Hilary Kilpatrick (St. Antony's Middle East monographs. no. 1) London: Ithaca Press for the Middle East Centre, St. Antony's College, 1974

Lyons, M. C. (Malcolm Cameron). The Arabian epic: heroic and oral story-telling / M.C. Lyons. (University of Cambridge oriental publications; no. 49.) Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995

Makar, Ragai N. Modern Arabic literature: a bibliography / Ragai N. Makar . (Scarecrow area bibliographies; 17.) Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, c1998

Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. Structures of avarice: the Bukhala in medieval Arabic literature / by Fedwa Malti-Douglas. (Studies in Arabic literature. v. 11) Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1985

Meeker, Michael E. Literature and violence in North Arabia / Michael E. Meeker. (Cambridge studies in cultural systems) Cambridge, Eng.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979

Montgomery, James E. The vagaries of the Qasidah: the tradition and practice of early Arabic poetry / James E. Montgomery. (Gibb literary studies; no. 1) [Cambridge, England?]: E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Trust, c1997

Moreh, Shmuel. Modern Arabic poetry 1800-1970: the development of its forms and themes under the influence of Western literature / by S. Moreh. (Studies in Arabic literature. v. 5) Leiden: Brill, 1976

Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne, 1868-1945. A literary history of the Arabs / by Reynold A. Nicholson. Second edition. Cambridge, The university press, 1930

Nykl, Alois Richard, 1885-. Hispano-Arabic poetry, and its relations with the old Provençal troubadours / by A.R. Nykl. Baltimore: J.H. Furst, 1946

Ouyang, Wen-chin. Literary criticism in medieval Arabic-Islamic culture: the making of a tradition / Wen-chin Ouyang. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, c1997

Sallis, Eva. Sheherazade through the looking glass: the metamorphosis of the Thousand and One Nights / Eva Sallis. Richmond: Curzon, 1999

Notes: A history of the Thousand and One Nights in its various versions and translations. Includes historical, sociological, anthropoligical and literary analysis in a scholarly approach.

Somekh, Sasson. Genre and language in modern Arabic literature / Sasson Somekh. (Studies in Arabic language and literature, 0939-818X; v. 1) Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1991

Sowayan, Saad Abdullah. Nabati poetry: the oral poetry of Arabia / Saad Abdullah Sowayan. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1985

Sperl, Stefan, 1950-. Mannerism in Arabic poetry: a structural analysis of selected texts (3rd century AH/9th century AD-5th century AH/11th century AD) / Stefan Sperl. (Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization) Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989

Stetkevych, Jaroslav. The modern Arabic literary language; lexical and stylistic developments. Chicago, University of Chicago Press [1970]

Stetkevych, Suzanne Pinckney. Abu Tammam and the poetics of the Abbasid age / by Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych. (Studies in Arabic literature, 0169-9903; v. 13) Leiden; New York: Brill, 1991

Von Grunebaum, Gustave E. (Gustave Edmund), 1909-1972. Themes in medieval Arabic literature / Gustave E. von Grunebaum; edited with a foreword by Dunning S. Wilson; preface by Speros Vryonis, Jr. London: Variorum Reprints, 1981

Woodhull, Winifred. Transfigurations of the Maghreb: Feminism, Decolonization, and Literatures. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Zeidan, Joseph T., 1944-. Arab women novelists: the formative years and beyond / Joseph T. Zeidan. (SUNY series in Middle Eastern Studies) Albany: State University of New York Press, c1995

Zwettler, Michael. The oral tradition of classical Arabic poetry: its character and implications / by Michael Zwettler. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, c1978

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