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Art and Architecture

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A website for K-12 educators featuring innovative resource on the culture, geography, history and religions of the Middle East, including essays, classroom activities, downloadable multimedia content and interactive Google Earth tours.


This web site aims to bring to you a wide variety of resources on Arab Culture and Civilization, but much more is available. This bibliography includes a number of additional materials that you may wish to consult. Texts that have recently been annotated or added to this list are shown with a tan background. In addition, there are many other online resources that you can explore from our links list.

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. "The Islamic City -- History, Myth, Islamic Essence, and Contemporary Relevance." International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 19 (1987): 155-176

-----. Cairo: 1001 Years of the City Victorious. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1971

Notes: A detailed history of the Egyptian metropolis from the rise of Islam through the 1960s. With maps and illustrations.

Ahmad, Aziz. A History of Islamic Sicily. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1975

Ali Ibrahim, Laila. "A Residential Architecture in Mamluk Cairo." Muqarnas 2 (1984): 47-59

-----. "Middle-class Living Units in Mamluk Cairo: Architecture and Terminology." AARP Art and Archaeology Research Papers 14 (December 1978): 24-30

-----. "Mamluk Monuments of Cairo." Quaderini dell'Istituto Italiano di Cultura per la R.A.E. Cairo, 1976

Atil, Esin. Renaissance of Islam: Art of the Mamluks. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981

Bates, Ülkü. "Façades in Ottoman Cairo." In The Ottoman City and Its Parts, edited by Irene A. Bierman, Rifaat A. Abou-El-Haj, and Donald Preziosi, 129-172. New York: Aristide Caratzas, 1991

Behrens-Abouseif, Doris. Beauty in Arabic Culture. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1999

Notes: A study of aesthetic values in Arabic culture, encompassing the “classical” and “post-classical” periods, through the 15th century. Arranged typographically, using Arabic texts as sources.

-----. "Al-Nasir Muhammad and al-Asraf Qaytbay -- Patrons of Urbanism." In Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras: Proceedings of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd International Colloquium at the Katholieke Univeriteit Leuven in May 1992, 1993, and 1994, edited by U. Vermeulen and D. De Smet, 267-284. Leuven, Belgium: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1995

-----. "Sicily, the Missing Link in the Evolution of Cairene Architecture." In Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras: Proceedings of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd International Colloquium at the Katholieke Univeriteit Leuven in May 1992, 1993, and 1994, edited by U. Vermeulen and D. De Smet, 285-312. Leuven, Belgium: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1995

-----. Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule: Institutions, Waqf, and Architecture in Cairo (16th and 17th Centuries). Leiden and New York: E.J. Brill, 1994

-----. Islamic Architecture in Cairo. Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J. Brill, 1989

-----. "Gardens in Islamic Egypt." Der Islam, 69 (1992), 302-312

Blair, Sheila S. and Jonathan M. Bloom. "Art and Architecture: Themes and Variations." In The Oxford History of Islam, edited by John L. Esposito, 215-268. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999

-----. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250-1800. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994

Notes: From the publisher: “Conceived as a sequel to the The Art and Architecture of Islam: 650-1250, the book follows the general format of the first volume, with chronological and regional divisions and architecture treated separately from the other arts.”

Blair, Sheila S. and Jonathan M. Bloom, editors. Images of Paradise in Islamic Art. Exh. cat. Hanover, N.H.: Hood Museum of Art, 1991

-----. Islamic Arts. London: Phaidon Press, 1997

Blair, Shelia. Islamic Inscriptions. New York: New York University Press, 1998

Brend, Barbara. Islamic Art. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991

Brookes, John. Gardens of Paradise: The History and Design of the Great Islamic Gardens. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987

Bury, Michael. Cairo in Print: Printed Maps and Views of Cairo from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century: An Exhibition of Books and Photographs in the Drummond Room, Edinburgh University Library, 14-31 May 1991. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Library, 1991

Bylinski, Janusz. "Darb Ibn al-Baba: A Quarter in Mamluk Cairo in the Light of Waqf Documents." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 31 (1994): 203-22

Campbell, Craig S. Water in Landscape Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1978

Crespi, Gabriele. The Arabs in Europe. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1986

Creswell, K. A. C. Early Muslim Architecture. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969

-----. The Muslim Architecture of Egypt. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1952-1959

Dodds, Jerrilynn. Architecture and Ideology in Early Medieval Spain. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990

Dodds, Jerrilynn D., editor. Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992

Notes: Museum of Art, 1992. A companion text to an all-inclusive exhibition of Islamic art in Spain from the 6th through the 15th centuries. Includes essays on the subject matter as well as a catalogue of works displayed.

Eldem, Edhem. The Ottoman City Between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir, and Istanbul. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999

Notes: A sociological and historical look at Istanbul, Aleppo and Izmir with the goal of obtaining a synthetic study of the Ottoman city.

Ettinghausen, Richard. Arab Painting. New York: Rizzoli, 1977

-----. The art and architecture of Islam, 650-1250 / Richard Ettinghausen and Oleg Grabar. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books; New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Viking Penguin, 1987

Ettinghausen, Richard, Oleg Grabar, and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. Islamic Art and Architecture, 650-1250. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001

Notes: A textbook of early and medieval art and architecture in the Islamic world. With maps, diagrams, and color photos. Organized by region and time period.

Ezaki, Masahiro. The Ideal Notion and its Embodiment: The Courtyard House in the Arab-Islamic World. Yamato-machi, Japan: Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, 1991

Fathy, Hassan. The Arab House in the Urban Setting: Past, Present, and Future. London: Longman for the University of Essex, 1972

Fernandes, Leonor. "The Foundation of Baybars al-Jashankir: Its Waqf, History, and Architecture." Muqarnas 4 (1987): 21-42

Frishman, Martin, and Hasan-Uddin Khan, editors. The Mosque: History, Architectural Development and Regional Diversity. London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1994

Garcin, Jean-Claude, Bernard Maury, Jacques Revault, Mona Zakariya, André Raymond. Palais et maisons du Caire. 2 vols. Paris: Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientific, 1982-1983

Gelfer-Jorgensen, Mirjam. Medieval Islamic Symbolism and the Paintings in the Cefalu Cathedral. Leiden, Denmark: E. J. Brill, 1986

-----. "The Islamic Paintings in Cefalu Cathedral, Sicily." HAFNIA: Copenhagen Papers in the History of Art, 1978, 107-168

Goitein, S.D. "A Mansion in Fustat: A Twelfth-century Description of a Domestic Compound in the Ancient Capital of Egypt." In The Medieval City, edited by Harry A. Miskimin, David Herlihy, and Abraham L. Udovitch, 163-178. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1977

-----. "Cairo: An Islamic City in the Light of the Geniza Documents." In Middle Eastern Cities: A Symposium on Ancient, Islamic, and Contemporary Middle Eastern Urbanism, edited by I. M. Lapidus. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969

Grabar, Oleg. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996

Notes: An architectural history of Jerusalem and its Islamic monuments during the first four centuries of Muslim rule over the city.

-----. The Mediation of Ornament. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992

-----. The Formation of Islamic Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987

-----. "The Meaning of History in Cairo." In The Expanding Metropolis: Coping with the Urban Growth of Cairo, 1-24. Singapore: Concept Media for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1984

-----. "Reflections on Mamluk Art." Muqarnas 2 (1984): 1-12

-----. Studies in Medieval Islamic art. London: Variorum Reprints, 1976

-----. "The Architecture of the Middle Eastern City from the Past to the Present: the Case of the Mosque." In Middle Eastern Cities, edited by Ira Lapidus, 26-46. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969

Griswold, Mac. Pleasures of the Garden: Images from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1987

Guthrie, Shirley. Arab Social Life in the Middle Ages: An Illustrated Study. London: Saqi Books, 1995

Hanna, Nelly. Making Big Money in 1600: The Life and Times of Ismail Abu Taqiyya, Egyptian Merchant. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1998

-----. Construction Work in Ottoman Cairo (1517-1798). Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1984

Harley, J.B., and D. Woodward, eds. The History of Cartography. Vol. 2: Cartography in the Traditional and Islamic and South Asian Countries. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1992

Harvey, John. Mediaeval Gardens. London: B.T. Batsford, Ltd., 1981

Hill, Derek. Islamic architecture and its decoration, A.D. 800-1500; a photographic survey. by Derek Hill. With an introductory text by Oleg Grabar. Chicago, University of Chicago Press [1964]

Hillenbrand, Robert. Islamic architecture: form, function and meaning / Robert Hillenbrand. Casebound ed. New York: Columbia University Press, c1994

Notes: A survey of Islamic architecture intended for the student or general reader. Organized according to building type. Includes drawings and photos.

-----. Islamic art and architecture / Robert Hillenbrand. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999

Hoag, John. Islamic Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1977

Hourani, Albert Habib, editor. The Islamic City. Oxford; Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970

Humphreys, R. Stephen. "The Expressive Intent of the Mamluk Architecture in Cairo: A Preliminary Essay", Studia Islamica 35 (1972): 69-119

Hyland, A.D.C., and Ahmed al-Shahi, editors. The Arab House: Proceedings of the Colloquium held in the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 15/16 March 1984. Newcastle upon Tyne, Engl.: CARDO, Centre for Architectural Research and Development Overseas, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1986

Irwin, Robert. Islamic Art in Context: Art, Architecture, and the Literary World. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997

Katz, Jonathan G., editor. Architecture as Symbol and Self-identity: Proceedings of Seminar Four in the Series, Architectural Transformations in the Islamic World, held in Fez, Morocco, October 9-12, 1979. Philadelphia: Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1980

Khatibi, Abdelkebir, and Mohammed Sijelmassi. The Splendor of Islamic Calligraphy. London: Thames and Hudson, 1995

Notes: A history and survey of Islamic manuscript calligraphy, including a focus on the theory of calligraphy. With detailed illustrations and photographs. Intended for the general reader. Illustrated.

Kultermann, Udo. Contemporary Architecture in the Arab States: Renaissance of a Region. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999

Lane-Poole, Stanley. Cairo: Sketches of its History, Monuments, and Social Life. New York: Arno Press, 1973

Lapidus, Ira. Muslim Cities in the Later Middle Ages. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967

Lehrman, Jonas. Earthly Paradise: Garden and Courtyard in Islam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980

Little, Donald P. "The Haram Documents as Sources for the Arts and Architecture of the Mamluk Period." Muqarnas 2 (1984): 61-72

MacDougall, Elisabeth, B., and Richard Ettinghausen, editors. The Islamic Garden. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1976

Michell, George, editor. Architecture of the Islamic World: Its History and Social Meaning. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1995

Nashashibi, Salwa Mikdadi. Forces of Change: Artists of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Lafayette, Calif.: The International Council for Women in the Arts; Washington, D.C.: The National Museum of Women in the Arts, 1994

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islamic Art and Spirituality. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1987

Petersen, Andrew. Dictionary of Islamic architecture / Andrew Petersen. London; New York: Routledge, 1996

Petruccioli, Attilio, ed. Gardens in the Time of the Great Muslim Empires: Theory and Design. Leiden; New York; Köln: Brill, 1997

Rabbat, Nasser. The Citadel of Cairo: A New Interpretation of Royal Mamluk Architecture. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995

-----. "The Meaning of the Umayyad Dome of the Rock." Muqarnas 6 (1989)

Raymond, André. Cairo. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000

-----. The Great Arab Cities in the 16th-18th Centuries: An Introduction. New York; London: New York University Press, 1984

Renard, John, editor. Windows of the House of Islam: Muslim Sources on Spirituality and Religious Life. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998

Rogers, J.M. "Innovation and Continuity in Islamic Urbanism." In The Arab City, Its Character and Islamic Cultural Heritage, edited by Ismail Serageldin and Samir el-Sadik, 53-61. Medina, Saudi Arabia: Arab Urban Development Institute, 1982

Ruggles, D. Fairchild. Gardens, Landscape, and Vision in the Palaces of Islamic Spain. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000

Ruggles, D. Fairchild, editor. Women, Patronage, and Self-representation in Islamic Societies. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000

Notes: A volume of essays concerning women's involvement in the arts throughout Islamic history. Contributors are from a variety of disciplines. Topics cover specific women and works of art as well as societies in general. Most essays are concerned with either women as patrons or women as artists.

Saad, Magdy Tewfik. "Traditional Urban Gardens in Identified Muslim Environments." Environmental Design: Journal of the Islamic Environmental Design Research Centre 1 (1986): 28-31

Samir, Khalil. The Monument: Art, Vulgarity, and Responsibility in Iraq. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991

Sevcenko, Margaret Bentley, editor. Designing in Islamic Cultures II: Urban Housing. Cambridge: Mass.: Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, 1982

Shosan, Boaz. Popular Culture in Medieval Cairo. Cambridge, Engl.: Cambridge University Press, 1993

Sinding-Larsen, Staale. "Plura ordinantur ad unum: Some Perspectives Regarding the 'Arab-Islamic' Ceiling of the Cappella Palatina at Palermo (11232-1143)." In Acta ad Archaeologiam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia, vol. 7., edited by Siri Sande and Staale Sinding-Larsen, 55-96. Rome: Giorgio Bretschneider Editore, 1989

Soucek, Priscilla P., editor. Content and Context of Visual Arts in the Islamic World. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988

Tabbaa, Yasser, 1948-. Constructions of power and piety in medieval Aleppo / Yasser Tabbaa. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, c1997

-----. The transformation of Islamic art during the Sunni revival / Yasser Tabbaa. (Publications on the Near East, University of Washington) Seattle: University of Washington Press, c2001

Van Reeth, Jan M.F. "The Paradise and the City: Preliminary Remarks on Muslim Sacral Geography." In Across the Mediterranean Frontiers: Trade, Politics, and Religion, 650-1450: Selected Proceedings of he International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 10-13 July 1995, 8-11 July 1996, edited by Agius, Dionisius A., and Ian Richard Netton, 235-253. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 1997

Vom Bruck, Gabriele. "A House Turned Inside Out: Inhabiting Space in a Yemeni City." Journal of Material Culture 2(2) (July 1997): 139-172

Waly, Tarek. Private Skies: The Courtyard Pattern in the Architecture of the House: Bahrain. Bahrain: Al Handasah Center Publications, 1992

Wiet, Gaston. Cairo, City of Art and Commerce. Translated by Seymour Feiler. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960

Williams, John Alden. "Urbanization and Monument Construction in Mamluk Cairo." Muqarnas 2 (1984): 33-45

Yeomans, Richard. The story of Islamic architecture / Richard Yeomans. New York: New York Uuniversity Press, 2000

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