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Audio/Video

Layachi interview part one

© 2002, NITLE

This clip is 3.24 megabytes in size

Running time is 14 minutes and 11 seconds

In the following interview, conducted in the end of February, 2002, Azzedine Layachi, Associate Professor of Political Science at St. John's University, New York, discusses the unity of the Arab World and the notion of "Arab Nationalism". His comments begin with a discussion of the diversity within the Arab world in relation to economic factors and the degree of political liberalization, and then proceed to some of the factors that unite: culture, history, etc. Layachi focuses on challenges from the outside that unite the Arab World: interaction with European economies, issues of security, etc. Layachi then discusses the ideology of Arab Nationalism, arguing that the dominant view that Arab Nationalism is dead, with some arguing it died with Nasser, others arguing as recently as the Gulf War. He maintains that it has been replaced by the idea of "territorial nationalism". Some argue that Arab Nationalism is being replaced by and ideology of Pan-Islamism in which the concept of the modern territorial state gives way to the concept of the "Ummah". Layachi, however, argues that is not accurate because Islamist movements tended to develop as the result of domestic concerns. Salafi groups tried to be international but that overall these movements seem to have failed in articulating their concerns and in confronting opposition. He also argues that there has been a degree of integration within the political processes in some countries, such al Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, and Jordan.




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